Episode 16 – The Diadochi: Heirs of Alexander

The_phalanx_attacking_the_centre_in_the_battle_of_the_Hydaspes_by_Andre_Castaigne_(1898-1899)
Artistic rendition of the Battle of the Hydaspes River.
The_dying_Alexander_receiving_his_soldiers_by_Andre_Castaigne_(1898-1899)
Artistic rendition of Alexander the Great receiving his soldiers on his deathbed. When asked who his empire should be given to after his death, Alexander replied, “To the strongest.”
Map of Diadochi_LA.svg
Map of the realms of the Diadochi following the Battle of Ipsus: the Seleucid Empire (yellow) ruled by Seleucus, the Ptolemaic Kingdom (blue) ruled by Ptolemy I Soter, the Kingdom of Macedon (green) ruled by Cassander, and the Kingdom of Asia Minor (orange) ruled by Lysimachus. Eventually, Seleucus would conquer most of Lysimachus’s holdings in Asia Minor, while Macedon would be seized by the son of Antigonus. Original photo by Wikipedia user Captain_Blood.

Continuing our tour of the Mediterranean circa 300 BC, we now turn to the squabbling Hellenic successor kingdoms in the East. Alexander the Great and his Macedonians succeeded in building a world empire that stretched from Greece to India in twelve short years, but Alexander’s sudden death threw his newly-acquired realm into chaos. Following nearly twenty years of constant warfare, Alexander’s generals, the Diadochi, managed to impose some order on the situation by divvying out the empire for themselves. However, the instability of the times as well as the mythos and legacy of Alexander would spill out into the Western Mediterranean, setting both Carthage and Rome on a collision course which would lead to the First Punic War.

Download: Episode 16 – The Diadochi: Heirs of Alexander

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